Cannabis and IQ in Youth

Wednesday, 2 January 2019

“While I remain adamant that cannabis use in youth is fraught with potential problems (depending on risk : benefit), the thin twin-twin study adds support to the side of the ledger that argues that cannabis and IQ are less causal and more of an effectual relationship.”
-    Dr. David Hepburn


Compared with adolescents who did not use cannabis, adolescents who used cannabis had lower IQ in childhood prior to cannabis initiation and lower IQ at age 18, but there was little evidence that cannabis use was associated with IQ decline from ages 12-18. For example, adolescents with cannabis dependence had age 12 and age 18 IQ scores that were 5.61 (t = -3.11, P = 0.002) and 7.34 IQ points (t = -5.27, P < 0.001) lower than adolescents without cannabis dependence, but adolescents with cannabis dependence did not show greater IQ decline from age 12-18 (t = -1.27, P = 0.20). Moreover, adolescents who used cannabis had poorer executive functions at age 18 than adolescents who did not use cannabis, but these associations were generally not apparent within twin pairs.

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